The SRF includes rebel groups from the war-torn western Darfur region, as well as the Southern Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. The agreement should also address the consequences of conflicts such as humanitarian assistance, the safe and voluntary return of displaced persons and refugees to their countries of origin and compensation, displacement of illegal settlers and the development and reconstruction of conflict-affected areas. It provides for a significant transfer of power and resources to the regions, including autonomy for both regions and the restoration of a single region in Darfur. With regard to transitional justice, the government is committed to cooperating fully with the International Criminal Court (ICC) and ensuring that Bashir and others sanctioned by arrest warrants “come before the ICC. FSR chief Alhadi Idris said the agreement would allow refugees and internally displaced persons to return home. The Sudanese peace agreement includes eight protocols and will restructure the country into eight regions and replace the country`s 18 provinces. The agreement also provides for the granting of wealth sharing and reparations to those who have been harmed by the long conflict and promises the return of refugees displaced by the fighting. Caution remains, observers said: at least two rebel groups have not joined the peace talks and previous agreements, including 2006 and 2011, have not ended the massacres. France welcomes the signing of the peace agreement formalizing the relaunch of the 2015 agreement on the settlement of the conflict in South Sudan between South Sudan`s President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar. NAIROBI, Kenya – In hopes of ending nearly two decades of bloodshed that has left hundreds of thousands dead and millions more displaced, Sudan`s interim government on Monday signed a peace agreement with an alliance of rebel groups to end fighting in Darfur and southern South Kordofan and Blue Nile regions. Kiir also thanked the international community for its “support and encouragement” in mediating the agreement and stressed that “our work is not done and we will not relax until we achieve our aspirations for a peaceful region.” He warned the outside world that Sudan “needs its help and help.” While there is a long way to go to achieve lasting peace and enormous challenges remain, there is hope that Sudan can turn the page on decades of war that have left hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced, particularly in Darfur and both regions (South Kordofan and Blue Nile).
Since independence in 1956, several civil wars have raged, including the one in 1983-2005, which led to the secession of the South. Later on Monday, the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway hailed the peace agreement as a first step towards restoring stability in the country. “We are very happy. . . . Congratulations to the Sudanese people and praise God and with the grace of our Lord, peace has been achieved in Juba,” he said. The agreement contains conditions for integrating the rebels into the security forces, for political representation and for economic and land rights. A new fund will provide $750 million per year to poor areas of the South and West for 10 years, and the possibility of return for displaced people is also guaranteed. The final agreement deals with issues related to power-sharing, transitional justice, the integration of rebel forces into the army, the return of displaced persons and land ownership.
The conclusion of the agreement follows a year of discussions and comes a few months after an initial agreement has been reached.